A quarantine bostrichid beetle Sinoxylon anale Lesne was reared in Ukraine from wood pallets imported from India. The species damaged the imported wood, but likely cannot survive under natural conditions in Ukraine because of inappropriate climatic conditions and lack of host plants in the region. Diagnostic characters of S. anale as well as characteristic damage caused by the Sinoxylon beetles in warehouses and in nature (West Africa) are discussed and illustrated. An annotated list of 6 known chalcidoid parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of bostrichid beetles is given. It is suggested that all these records require a confirmation due to the lack of biological observations. In Europe, only Entedon stephanopachi Hedqvist (Eulophidae) is expected to be a bostrichid specialist rather than an associate of another xylophagous beetles.